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Companion Planting Guide June 15, 2012

Companion Planting Guide

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Plant Companions Function Foes
Apple Nasturtium Climbs
tree and repels codling moth.
Asparagus Tomatoes,
Parsley, Basil
Balm Tomatoes Improves
growth and flavour – attracts bees
Basil
Tomatoes helps
repel flies and mosquitoes
Rue
Beans Potatoes
Carrots, Cucumber, cauliflower, summer savoury, most other vegetables
and herbs.
Onions
Garlic Gladiolus
Beetroot Onions,
Lettuce, Cabbage, Silver beet, Kohlrabi
Birch
dead
leaves encourage compost fermentation.
Borage
Tomatoes,
squash and strawberries
Deters
tomato worm, improves growth and flavour and in the strawberry patch will
increase the yield.
Brassica’s
(Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli
Aromatic
plants, sage, dill, camomile,beets, peppermint, rosemary, Beans, Celery,
Onions, Potatoes, dwarf zinnias.
Dill
attracts a wasp to control cabbage moth. Zinnias attract lady bugs to
protect plants.
strawberries,
Tomatoes
Broad
beans
Potatoes,
Peas, Beans
Caraway
helps
breakdown heavy soils.
Carrots Lettuce,
Peas, Leeks, Chives, Onions, Cucumbers, Beans, tomatoes, wormwood, sage,
rosemary
Dill
in flower and being stored with apples
Catnip
repels
fleas, ants and rodents.
Cauliflower Celery
Celery
& Celeriac
Chives,
Leeks, Tomatoes, Dwarf Beans, Brassica’s
Celery
& Celeriac
Chives,
Leeks, Tomatoes, Dwarf Beans
Chamomile
Cabbages
and onions
deters
flies and mosquitoes and gives strength to any plant growing nearby.
Chives
Carrots grown
beneath apple trees will help to prevent apple scab; beneath roses will
keep away aphids and blackspot. Deters aphids on lettuce and peas. Spray
will deter downy and powdery mildew on gooseberries and cucumbers.
Peas,
beans
Citrus Bracken
Fern grape vines
Repels
stink beetles
Comfrey Avocados
and most fruit trees
Garden
edging, compost activator, medicinal, foliage spray, nutrient miner, essential
to all gardens.
Cucumbers Beans,
corn, peas, radish, sunflowers
Potatoes,
aromatic herbs
Dill Brassica’s Dill
attracts predator wasp for cabbage moth.
Elderberry
a
general insecticide, the leaves encourage compost fermentation, the flowers
and berries make lovely wine!
Fennel. (not
F. vulgare or F.officionale) repels flies, fleas and ants
Most
plants dislike it
French
Marigold
Tomatoes
most vegetables.
root
secretions kill nematodes in the soil. Will repel white fly amongst tomatoes.
Fruit
trees
nettles,
garlic, chives, tansy, southernwood and horseradish
Garlic. Roses,
raspberry
helps
keep aphids away from roses and raspberries, repels cabbage butterfly
Peas
and beans
Geranium Strong
aroma – deters insects and encourages bees
Grapes Hyssop,
tansy and sage
Hyssop
Cabbage,
grapes
attracts
cabbage white moth keeping Brassica’s free from infestation.
Radishes
Leek Onion,
celery, carrot
Lettuce tall
flowers, carrots, radish, onion family
Flowers
offer light shade for lettuce
Marigolds Tomatoes,
most vegetables
Kills
couch, nematodes and eel worm
Melon Radish
Mint
Cabbage,
tomatoes
Deters
white cabbage moth, deters ants and fleas (especially spearmint), will
deter clothes moths.
Nasturtium
Radishes,
cabbages, zucchini cucurbits, fruit trees
secrete
a mustard oil, which many insects find attractive and will seek out, particularly
the cabbage white moth. The flowers repel aphids and the cucumber beetle.
The climbing variety grown up apple trees will repel codling moth.
Nettle Beneficial
anywhere, increases aroma and pungency of other herbs
Onion
and garlic
Beets,
summer savoury, tomatoes, lettuce, strawberries, camomile
Parsley Tomato,
asparagus, roses
Deters
rose beetle, improves tomato and asparagus.
Peas Carrots,
turnips, corn, beans, radishes, cucumbers, most vegetables and herbs
Onions,
garlic gladiolas, potatoes
Potato Beans,
cabbage, marigold, horseradish (plant at corners of patch) eggplant, sweet
alyssum.
Alyssum
attracts beneficial wasps and acts as a living ground cover
Pumpkin,
squash, cucumber, sunflower, tomato, raspberry
Pumpkin Corn Potato
Pyrethrum
will
repel bugs if grown around the vegetable garden.
Radish Peas,
nasturtium, lettuce, cucumbers, spinach
Radish
attracts leaf minor away from spinach
Raspberry Most
vegetables
Blackberries,
tomatoes, potato
Rosemary
Cabbage,
beans, carrots, sage
Deters
cabbage moth, bean beetles and carrot fly
Roses Garlic,
chives, parsley, mignonette lettuce.
Rue
(Rutus, not Peganum)
keeps
cats and dogs off garden beds if planted round the borders.
Sage
Rosemary,
cabbage and carrots
Deters
cabbage moth and carrot fly
Cucumbers
Spinach Strawberries
Squash Nasturtium
Corn
Strawberries Bush
bean, spinach, borage, lettuce
Cabbage
Sunflower Cucumbers Potato
Sweet
Corn
Potatoes,
Peas, Beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash
Corn
acts as a trellis for beans and beans attract predators of corn pests.
Tansy
Fruit
trees, roses and raspberries
repels
moths, flies and ants. Plant beneath peach trees to repel harmful flying
insects. Tansy leaves assist compost fermentation.
Thyme Here
and there in the garden
Protects
cabbages, improves growth and flavour of vegetables, general insect repellent.
Tomatoes Asparagus,
Parsley, Chives, onion, Broccoli, Sweet Basil, marigold, carrots, parsley.
Kohlrabi,
potato, fennel, cabbage
Turnip Peas,
nasturtium, lettuce, cucumbers
Wormwood
(Artemesia, not Ambrosia)
although
it can inhibit the growth of plants near it, wormwood does repel moths,
flies and fleas and keeps animals off the garden.
Yarrow Near
aromatic herbs and vegetables
Plant
along borders and paths. Enhances essential oil production and flavour
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